Hikaru Dorodango

Hikaru dorodango are balls of mud, molded by hand into perfect spheres, dried, and polished to an unbelievable luster. I have discovered this art form by chance through the website of Bruce Gardner whose site is heavily quoted in this post:

A traditional pastime among the children of Japan, the exact origin of hikaru dorodango is unknown. The tradition was dying out until taken up by Professor Fumio Kayo, of the Kyoto University of Education, as a means to study the psychology of children’s play. In the course of his research, Kayo developed a simple technique for creating dorodango.

“[A]n artifact of such utter simplicity and perfection that it seems it must be either the first object or the last…” – William Gibson

William Gibson is describing the haunting elegance of hikaru dorodango. His essay in TATE Magazine, “Shiny Balls of Mud: William Gibson Looks at Japanese Pursuits of Perfection” was my first exposure to this trend sweeping through Japan.

As I’ve experimented with dorodango over the past few years, I’m struck by how these objects, created from such humble material, are nearly the perfect expression of process refinement. Over time, I’ve added my own changes to the technique; you can find these in the create section. The gallery section displays dorodango that I’ve created from different soils found in and around Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Step 1: Create the Mud

In a clean container, add water to the dirt. The ratio of water to dirt will vary depending on the type of dirt. Start by adding a small amount of water, mix, and slowly add more water until the mud reaches an even consistency, similar to dough.

Step 2: Create the Core:

Grab a handful of mud and begin to shape it into a sphere with both hands, squeeze out as much water as you can. Eliminate irregularities from the mass by gently shaking it. The vibration removes voids, increases surface moisture, and facilitates compaction. As you shape/shake the mud, clayey particles will migrate to the surface, forming a slip layer that will make it easier to smooth the mass into a sphere. Proceed to Step 3 when the ball becomes tacky to the touch.

Step 3: Create Preliminary Capsule

Holding the ball in one hand, grab handfuls of dirt with the other and sprinkle the dirt over the ball. With your thumb, gently sweep the excess off, rotating the ball as you do so. Use the outer curvature of your thumb, near the base, to do this.Fumio Kayo has a great video that demonstrates this technique. The newly added dirt will absorb the surface moisture very quickly. Work the ball to point where it retains its shape but isn’t so dry that cracks begin to form.


Step 4: Draw the Moisture Out 

Insert the ball into a plastic bag. At first, you will only need to do this for 20 minutes or so. Be careful to lay the ball on something soft to prevent a flat area from forming. Water will condense on the inside of the bag and the surface of the ball will become wet again. Remove the ball and repeat Step 3. Return the ball to the bag before cracks begin to appear.

Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the ball begins to feel leather-hard to the touch. You will find that it takes longer for water to condense on the inside of the bag – you can accelerate the process at this point by putting the bag and dorodango in the refrigerator.Note: This will cause the water to condense very quickly, be careful to remove it before too much water condenses out – it will dissolve the ball where it gathers at the bottom of the bag.

Step 5: Create Final Capsule Layer

The brilliant shine of the dorodango is created by applying a final layer of extremely fine particles of dirt. I use two different methods to do this:

On-Site – When you have unlimited access to the dirt that you’re working with, simply pat the dry dirt lightly with your hand. Gently rub the fine particles that stick to your hand over the ball.

Off-Site – When you have limited access to the dirt you’re working with, screen the dirt into a plastic container with a lid – a regular window screen works fine. Place the lid on the container and shake. Note:If the lid of the container doesn’t seal completely, be sure to wear a dust mask. Wait a few minutes for the dust to settle. Remove the lid; there should be an abundance of very fine dust sticking to the sides. Rub the dust into the ball.

Continue this process until the surface moisture of the ball has been completely absorbed (it looks and feels powdery). Insert the ball into a new plastic bag. Repeat this step as many times as possible to create a thick capsule. When the fine particles no longer adhere to the surface of the ball after you take it out of the bag, you’re ready to begin polishing.

Step 6: Polishing

Remove the ball from the bag and let it dry for 20 minutes. Polish with a soft cloth – carefully at first – if any moisture is present, the cloth will mar the surface. Polish or buff more vigorously once the ball is dry.


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